About the Aporta Initiative
Aporta is an initiative being promoted by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Businessthrough the Public Corporate Entity Red.es and in partnership with the Spanish Ministry of Territorial Policy and Civil Service that was launched in 2009 to promote the culture of open data and data reuse in Spain.
Aporta was created in order to create the conditions to develop the public sector data re-use market. Among other actions, it supports the administrative units in technical and organizational activities necessary to publish information in formats that facilitate reuse and comply with applicable law. It also incentivizes data reuse with promotion actions and drives innovation based on public data.
The Aporta initiative, the Spanish government’s open data policy, aims to harmonize and efficiently take advantage of the synergies between ongoing open data projects. It seeks to always drive and coordinate actions being carried out by administrations, particularly within the local scope (smart cities). It does all of this in order to promote new products and services from the private sector and civil society to everyone’s benefit.
Aporta provides a link between all those that form part of the data ecosystem:
- Users, citizens or professionals that demand the information.
- Public bodies that provide and use public information.
- Re-users and infomediaries that create products and services based on the data.
These players and main beneficiaries in the field of Open Government Data enable: the launch of new business models, the modernisation of public authorities and the creation of transparency, collaboration and citizen participation platforms.
Lines of action
This initiative, which forms part of the Digital Spain Agenda, is being developed around seven lines of action:
- Disclosure, awareness and training
- National Open Data Catalogue
- Sectoral statistics
- PPC - Public-Private Collaboration
- Legislative framework and national cooperation
- International cooperation
- Asesoramiento y soporte
Disclosure, awareness and training
Aporta, via the datos.gob.es website, Aporta offers news on current affairs, use cases, training materials, and methods on data offered for reuse.
The “Interact” section under “Documentation” provides the public with reference documents, such as guides and manuals aimed at facilitating reuse, as well as reports about new trends and challenges in the world of data.
The “News” section publishes relevant events and news about open data in the form of articles, bulletins, events and interviews with various players in the open data ecosystem.
The “Impact” section also contains information on outstanding projects in the form of applications and reuse companies.
Additionally, the latest news and progress in the field - both national and international - is published via the profiles created for the initiative on the social media networks Twitter (@datosgob) and LinkedIn.
National Open Data Catalogue
Datos.gob.es, the virtual space for the Aporta initiative, houses the National Open Data Catalogue, which is the access point to the data sets offered by public authorities and private institutions for reuse Spain
The “Data Catalogue” section can be used to consult the data sets being made available by public authorities and bodies. In order to make it easier to find the data you want, free text searches can be combined with filters based on category, format, labels, publishing body or level of government to which the data belong.
The data sets present in the catalogue are described and categorised according to the Technical Interoperability Rules on the Re-use of Information Resources (NTI-RISP). However, the files containing the data (distributions) are not housed on this platform but rather reside directly within the systems of the managing bodies thereof in order to facilitate management and avoid the desynchronisation of the information.
The public authorities have two mechanisms for publishing data sets and updating the information already published on them:
- Manual: the body accesses a form that enables it to enter information for registration in a new data set or update a data set that is already present in the catalogue.
- Federation: the registration and update process for the data sets is completed periodically and automatically based on the information published by the body in the open data catalogue to be found on its website.
The public authorities that wish to add their open data sets to the catalogue must request a user account on the platform.
Aporta monitors the activity that takes place involving open data and their re-use. Via the National Telecommunications and Information Society Watchdog (ONTSI) an Infomediary Sector Characterisation Study is drawn up on a regular basis to identify and classify business activity based on products and/or services that re-use public sector information in Spain. The report considers both companies set up specifically for this purpose and those that have a specific department for the development of OGD products.
This study consists of an analysis of the data re-use industry, focusing on three objectives:
- Ascertaining the characteristics of infomediary companies and the activity they are engaged in within the sector.
- Ascertaining the characteristics of the primary information supply; i.e. that provided by the public authorities themselves.
- Building a picture on the products and services that these companies offer.
Hence, the Infomediary Sector Characterisation Study allows more in-depth knowledge to be gained on the essential traits characterising the infomediary sector in Spain, as well as the upward trend being seen in this field. This incentivises the development of new solutions and business models based on the re-use of open data and information from the private sector.
From a public data offer perspective and created in order to raise awareness about the open data initiatives that exist in Spain, Aporta also offers a map of open data initiatives in Spain that provides information on the available initiatives, their characteristics and access to the website of each one.
PPC - Public-Private Collaboration
Within the framework of the Aporta initiative, in order to establish public-private collaboration mechanisms that make the most of the socio-economic potential of open data, round table discussions (Aporta Conferences) are held periodically between representatives of civil society, the public and private sector, and academia.
Initiatives are also launched periodically to drive open data communities and encourage reuse, such as the following:
Legislative framework and national cooperation
The Aporta initiative drives and works on legislative developments with regard to opening information. The following are notable examples of this:
- Law 37/2007, of 16 November, on the re-use of public sector information, which was adapted by Law 18/2015, of 9 July, amending Law 37/2007, of 16 November, on the reuse of public sector information to introduce European Union regulatory changes (Directive 2013/37/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013.
- This Law was developed for the field of public action via Royal Decree 1495/2011, of 24 October, which introduces the right to the re-use of any document of a public nature.
- Technical Interoperability Standard (NTI) on the Reuse of Information in the Public Sector. This standard was developed under the National Scheme for Interoperability and it establishes common conditions on selection, identification, description, format, usage conditions and availability of the documents and information resources created or held by the public sector with regard to various fields of interest, such as information of a social, economic, legal or tourism nature, etc. on companies, education, etc. while fully complying with the provisions of said Law 37/2007, of 16 November.
Along this line of action, at the heart of the Aporta initiative the following actions, among others, have been carried out:
- Dissemination of relevant information with regard to advancements in Spain and data reuse and open information in order to provide an accurate depiction of the situation in the country in the leading rankings.
- Presentation and argumentation of the Spanish perspective and position in different forums, committees, and working groups.
- Convergence of the National Catalogue and the European Data Portal aiming to facilitate finding and reusing data from national, regional, and local administrations throughout Europe
- Internationalization of projects, reports, developments, and events that take place at the centre of the different open data initiatives in Spain.
- International dissemination of relevant use cases and corporate case studies related to data re-use in Spain..
Advice and support
In order to support the opening and re-use of public data, the following actions are carried out within the framework of the Aporta initiative:
- Remote and in-person support with regard to data being opened up to the people responsible for public bodies and entities in order to facilitate compliance with regulations in force.
- Holding training sessions with regard to data interoperability and quality vis-à-vis re-use directed toward the technical managers of public entities, focusing the effort on entities with the data most in-demand by the public and the business world.
- Development of sessions to raise awareness about open data within the scope of the private sector.
In the “Interact” section under “Advice and Support”, you can find the various channels for accessing this service.